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These 8 Risk Factors To Consider During The COVID-19 Pandemic

Covid-19 is an acronym for 2019 coronavirus illness. Coronaviruses are a broad family of viruses, widespread worldwide. They can cause respiratory

These 8 Risk Factors To Consider During The COVID-19 Pandemic

Covid-19 is an acronym for 2019 coronavirus illness. Coronaviruses are a broad family of viruses, widespread worldwide. They can cause respiratory disease in both humans and animals. This particular one originated in the town of Wuhan in China at the end of 2019. Over the past two decades, outbreaks of coronavirus have caused global concern, including one with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome ( SARS) in 2003 and, more recently, the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) in 2012.

Covid-19 is a disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 which may trigger what doctors call an infection in the respiratory tract. The upper respiratory tract can be affected, viz. Nose, sinuses, and back, or lower respiratory tract, viz. Windscreen, and lungs. Severe cases can lead to severe breathing disease and even pneumonia.

The WHO declared the Covid-19 outbreak as a global health emergency on 30 January 2020. This was declared a global pandemic by the WHO on 11 March 2020.

Risk From the Pandemic 

The risk factors that are likely to predispose people to Covid-19 infection are below

Age 65 and Older People

Men, who are 65 years of age and older, are at higher risk of infection with Covid-19 because of their reduced immunity. They are more likely to have related co-morbidities such as diabetes, obesity, chronic kidney disease, and chronic pulmonary obstructive disorder. In fact, the path of the disease in them appears to be more serious resulting in higher mortality. However, it can reduce its transmission among the elderly population by taking appropriate preventive measures.

Chronic Pulmonary Illness and Asthma

Asthma sufferers are more likely to catch Covid-19. Hospital data show that patients with respiratory conditions are more likely to experience severe complications. The best action that people can take is to protect themselves from infection, as there is still no cure for this. The same is true of other chronic pulmonary diseases.

Severe Cardiac Problems

Covid-19 does direct damage to the lungs and activates an inflammatory response that brings two forms of stimulating the cardiovascular system, i.e. The blood oxygen levels decrease after infecting the lungs, and the inflammatory effects of the virus itself cause the blood pressure to drop. In these cases, the heart has to pump faster and harder to supply main organs with oxygen.

Individuals with cardiac problems such as heart failure, dilated cardiomyopathy, advanced types of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, and patients with congenital cyanotic heart disease are at the greatest risk, according to the European Society of Cardiology.

Too Much Obesity

There are growing numbers of studies that have linked obesity to more severe infections and death with Covid-19. Obesity decreases defensive cardio-respiratory reserves and weakens the immune control that seems likely to help the disease advance to a critical level.

Researchers discovered that among those with Covid-19 aged less than 60 in New York City, those with BMI between 30-34 kg / m2 and greater than 35 kg / m2 were 1.8 times and 3.6 times more likely to be hospitalized to critical care than those with BMI less than 30 kg / m2 respectively.

Recent research published in Diabetes Treatment in 2020 found that Covid-19 patients are two and a half times more likely to suffer from serious pneumonia if they are obese than if they are not. Obesity brings a persistent inflammatory condition with it. Further research is needed into whether obesity is an independent risk factor for susceptibility to infection.

Diabetic People

Diabetes is a risk factor to the Covid-19 infection for hospitalization and mortality. Diabetics have compromised the immune response to the cytokine profile infection and changes in immune responses including activation of T-cells and macrophages. Poor glycemic control affects several aspects of the immune response to viral infection and potentially secondary bacterial infection in the lungs as well. Poor glycemic control is a risk factor for infection with Covid-19 and its adverse effects. Hence it is impossible to overlook the importance of tight glycemic control in diabetics.

Chronic Kidney Illness

People with chronic kidney disease have an increased risk of becoming infected. People on dialysis can have weakened immune systems, which makes it more difficult to combat infections. Nevertheless, kidney patients need to continue their regularly scheduled dialysis treatments and take the appropriate precautions as their health care provider advises.

Anti-rejection medicines, also known as immunosuppressive medicines, must be taken by people with a kidney transplant to keep the immune system less active.

Liver Problems

Both liver disease patients are at risk for adverse effects from the virus. Some people, too, are extremely vulnerable to certain liver conditions. These include people with an immune deficiency for a hepatitis transplant or autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and people with hepatic cancer who undergo aggressive chemotherapy.

People with an Immune-Compromised condition

A person of any age group that gets immune-compromised. Conditions that may cause a person to become immune-compromised include cancer treatment, smoking, bone marrow or organ transplantation, immune defects, poorly regulated AIDS, and excessive use of corticosteroids and other immune-weakening drugs.

There are rumors that death has possibly occurred in some Covid-19 patients as a result of a cytokine storm as the immune system goes into overdrive, destroying even healthy tissue, which can lead to severe organ failure, sepsis, and even death.
These 8 Risk Factors To Consider During The COVID-19 Pandemic
These 8 Risk Factors To Consider During The COVID-19 Pandemic

Conclusion

Some people are at high risk of getting a serious infection if they catch Covid-19. Everyone has to take action to protect themselves and others against catching or spreading it. But people belonging to a high-risk category have to take all the precautions necessary to protect themselves.

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YourFitnessRink - Fitness and Health Matters: These 8 Risk Factors To Consider During The COVID-19 Pandemic
These 8 Risk Factors To Consider During The COVID-19 Pandemic
Covid-19 is an acronym for 2019 coronavirus illness. Coronaviruses are a broad family of viruses, widespread worldwide. They can cause respiratory
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